Department of Nephrology and Kidney Transplant
Conditions & Treatments
Blood pressure is written as two numbers, such as 118/72. The first number is the Systolic Pressure. This is the pressure in the arteries when the heart beats and fills them with blood. The second number is the Diastolic Pressure. This is the pressure in the arteries when the heart rests between beats. The Normal Blood Pressure is 120/80 mmHg. Anything higher than this is considered high.
Apart from prescribed medicines to control hypertension, some lifestyle modifications mentioned below can help control it:
- Check your own blood pressure at home as recommended.
- Eat healthy foods that are low in salt and fat.
- Achieve and maintain your ideal body weight.
- Limit alcohol to no more than two drinks each day.
- Be more physically active.
- Quit smoking.
- Work on controlling anger and managing stress.
- Have regular blood pressure checks by doctor.
Until your kidneys can work normally again, you might need treatments to help make sure your body has the right amount of fluid, salt, and nutrients. These treatments can include:
- Changes in your diet
- Renal replacement therapy –It involves either:
- Peritoneal dialysis
People in the early stages of chronic kidney disease can take medicines to keep the disease from getting worse.
Each person’s treatment is a little different. The right treatment for you will depend on:
- The size, type, and location of your stone
- How much pain you have
- How much you are vomiting
- High levels of protein in urine
- Low levels of protein in blood
- Swelling of the face, legs, or ankles due to the abnormal collection of fluids in the tissues, usually accompanied by weight gain
- Treat the underlying disease
- Diabetes mellitus
- Minimal change disease
- Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis
- Membranous nephropathy
Doctors treat PKD by treating the symptoms and problems the disease causes.
- Treat high blood pressure with lifestyle changes, diet changes, and medicines
- Treat kidney infections with antibiotic medicines
- Treat pain with pain-relieving medicines
Treatment depends on your symptoms, what’s causing your glomerular disease, and how quickly it happened