Specialities

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Department of ENT and Cochlear Implant

Conditions & Treatments

Adenoids:

The adenoids are a patch of tissue at the back of the nasal activity that protects children from falling sick. Like lymph nodes, adenoids are part of the immune system and are made of the same type of tissue (lymphoid tissue). White blood cells circulate through the adenoids and other lymphoid tissue, reacting to foreign invaders in the body. We all have adenoids at birth and in childhood, but as we head into adolescence they start to shrink. Since adenoids trap germs that enter the body, sometimes the adenoid tissue temporarily swells as it tries to fight off an infection. At times, it also gets infected and makes it tough to breathe.
Treatments
In initial stages, adenoids are treated conservatively. However, they do not provide much relief if the infection is very serious and chronic. The doctors are then left with the option of removal of adenoid glands.

  • Adenoids Surgery (Adenoidectomy): Surgery to remove the adenoids is often required when the adenoids are large enough to cause other health problems. Children’s adenoids may be removed surgically with no apparent ill effects. QRG Central Hospital & Research Centre is equipped with Coblator-assisted Adenoid Surgery that prevents blood loss.
  • Antibiotics: Antibiotics helps in eradicating bacterial infections

Sinusitis:

Sinus infections are caused by infections from pathogenic microorganisms, which grow within sinuses and cause intermittent blockage of the sinus ostium.
Treatments
Sinusitis treatment includes conservative treatment for symptomatic relief and surgical intervention if required. Following are some of the methods of treatments that can be prescribed by the doctor:

  • Saline Nasal Spray: Spray for the nose should be used several times a day to rinse the nasal passages.
  • Nasal Corticosteroids: These nasal sprays help prevent and treat inflammation.
  • Decongestants: These medications are available over-the-counter (OTC) as prescription liquids, tablets and nasal sprays.
  • Pain Relievers
  • Antibiotics: A course of antibiotics may be prescribed if symptoms are severe, or if symptoms do not settle within 7-10 days.
  • Sinus Surgery: Surgery also may be necessary if there is a structural abnormality such as nasal polyps. Endoscopic and Microdesider- assisted surgeries are undertaken for better outcomes.

Tinnitus:

Tinnitus is a condition characterized by ringing, swishing, or other noises that appear to be originating in the ear or head. It is usually a symptom of some other underlying condition and most often considered a nuisance.
Treatments
If an underlying cause of the tinnitus is found, a doctor will treat that condition and the tinnitus usually subsides. This may include:

  • Removing underlying condition, if any

White noise machines, hearing aids and masking devices help in tinnitus because of their ability to suppress sounds, making the tinnitus less annoying.

Nasal Airway Obstruction:

Nasal airway obstruction can be uncomfortable and forces one to breathe through mouth, making simple, everyday activities such as eating, speaking, and sleeping more difficult.
Treatments
Traditional medical therapy includes use of nasal medications to cure nasal airway obstructions. Some of the treatments available are:

  • Ethmoidectomy
  • Polypectomy removes polyps in the nasal cavity.
  • Septoplasty corrects a deviated nasal septum or other septal deformity that can obstruct airflow through the nose and cause difficulty in breathing.
  • Tumor Removal is the surgical removal of a tumor from your nasal cavity.
  • Turbinate surgery reduces the size of nasal turbinates, which can cause obstruction and difficulty in breathing through the nose.

Tonsillitis:

Tonsillitis refers to the inflammation of tonsils usually caused by a viral infection or rarely due to a bacterial infection. Tonsillitis caused by an infection may be contagious depending on whether or not the individual has been previously exposed to that particular virus.
Treatments
For bacterial tonsillitis, the doctor usually prescribes a course of antibiotics. In case of viral tonsillitis, antibiotic treatment turns out to be ineffective. Therefore, symptomatic treatment is considered,

  • Tonsillectomy: If infection is severe, or recurrent an operation is required to remove the tonsils.

Eardrum Perforation:

A ruptured eardrum — or Perforated Tympanic Membrane as it is medically known — is a hole or tear in the thin tissue that separates the ear canal from the middle ear. A ruptured eardrum can result in hearing loss.
Treatments
The treatments for Eardrum Perforation are:

  • Eardrum Patch: It seals the tear or hole in the eardrum with the help of a patch.
  • Surgery: If a patch doesn’t result in proper healing, the ENT surgeon may recommend a surgical procedure called Tympanoplasty. Microscopic and Endoscopic ear surgeries are performed at the hospital for better outcomes.