Specialities

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Department of Nutrition & Dietetics

Conditions & Treatments

Obesity

Treatments
The goal of obesity treatment is to reach and maintain a healthy weight. At QRG Central Hospital and Research Centre, a team of experienced health professionals, nutritionists, dieticians and therapists, help understand and make changes in eating and activity habits of the patients.

Other treatments include:

  • Dietary changes
  • Exercise and activity
  • Behaviour changes
  • Prescription weight-loss medications
  • Weight-loss surgery

Cardiac

Treatments
Diet tips to patients with cardiac problems:

  • Take high fibrous food
  • Choose plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables
  • Choose foods that are low in salt, such as skimmed milk and yogurt. Plain rice and oatmeal are good low-sodium and high fiber
  • Read food labels before you buy packaged foods. Check the nutrition facts on the label for sodium content per serving. Find out the number of servings in the package and compare the amount of sodium in each serving compared to how much is a good limit to eat in a day

Diabetes

Treatments
Below are the treatment options available to treat Diabetes:

  • Lifestyle changes
  • Diet modification
  • Physical activity on daily basis
  • Home remedies

Diet Tips for Diabetic Patients:

  • Include non-starchy vegetables, beans, and fruits such as apples, pears, peaches, and berries. Even tropical fruits like bananas, mangoes, and papayas tend to have a lower glycemic
  • Have grains in the least-processed state possible such as brown rice, and whole barley, millet, and wheat berries
  • Limit refined grain products such as white breads and white pasta.
  • Limit concentrated sweets like high-calorie foods such as ice cream. Reduce fruit juice to no more than one cup a day. Completely eliminate sugar and sweetened drinks
  • Eat healthy protein at most meals, such as beans, fish, or skinless chicken (roasted/ grilled form)
  • Never skip breakfast. It is always advisable to have three meals and one or two snacks each day
  • Eat slowly and chew your food properly
  • Take frequent and small meals

Hypertension

Treatments
Below are the treatment options available for Hypertension:

  • Medications: if you occasionally feel that you have elevated high blood pressure, your doctor would suggest few medicines that will bring down the blood pressure to normal
  • Avoid tobacco and smoking
  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Take a healthy diet
  • Limit your salt intake
  • Do regular physical activity

Rickets

Treatments
Most cases of rickets can be treated with vitamin D and calcium supplements. Follow doctor’s prescription for dosage, which may vary according to the requirements.

Surgical and other procedures:
For some cases of bowlegs or spinal deformities, doctor may suggest special bracing to position a child’s body appropriately as the bones grow. More severe skeletal deformities may require surgery.

Malnutrition

Treatments
Depending on the cause and severity of malnutrition, treatment may be carried out at home or in hospital. The foremost treatment for people diagnosed with malnutrition is dietary changes. If one is unable to eat enough to meet the optimum nutritional needs, then there are two main treatment options:

  • A feeding tube can be used to provide nutrients directly into the digestive system
  • A drip can be used to provide nutrients and fluids directly into a vein

Antinatal

Treatments
Eating healthily during pregnancy helps the baby to develop and grow, and also keeps the mother fit and well.

Postnatal

Treatments
Treatments for Postnatal care:

  • Eating well balanced meals
  • Regular exercise

Inborn

Treatments
Below are the treatment options available for Inborn Metabolic Disorders:

  • Reducing substrate accumulation by manipulation of diet, Chelation or inhibition of Biosynthesis
  • Enzyme Replacement Therapy, ERT
  • Supplementation of a depleted metabolite by diet or by medication