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Department of Respiratory Medicine

Conditions & Treatments


Below are the treatment options available for Asthma:

  • Steroids and other anti-inflammatory drugs: These lifesaving medication prevent asthma attacks and work by reducing swelling and mucus production in the airways.
  • Asthma Inhalers: This is the most common and effective way to deliver asthma drugs to the lungs.
  • Asthma Nebulizer: This is also known as a Breathing Machine. The asthma nebulizer uses a mouthpiece or mask and is typically used for infants, small children and older adults.
  • Immunotherapy: It is a new therapy to cure asthma. For more information, take an appointment now.

Help at Hand

  • Call emergency medical services immediately.
  • Find a caffeinated drink: Caffeine’s chemical structure is similar to common asthma medications. Small amount of coffee or soda can help relax the airways and provide temporary relief.
  • Help move the patient inside if the air is cold: Cold air can trigger asthma attacks; moving them into a warmer or even humid air helps to relieve symptoms.
  • If at home: Running a hot shower or bath can transform the bathroom into an immediate recovery zone.
  • Asthma Triggers: Avoid things that worsen your asthma.


Chronic bronchitis is a cough that persists for two to three months each year for at least two years. The cough and inflammation may be caused by infection, illness, or exposure to tobacco smoke or other irritating substances in the air.

Acute or Short-term Bronchitis is more common and is usually caused by a viral infection. Episodes of acute bronchitis can be related to and worsened by smoking.

Below are the treatment options available for Bronchitis:

  • Antibiotics are usually prescribed if the bronchitis is caused by any bacteria.
  • Over-the-counter painkillers are used to control the fever symptoms of a viral infection.
  • Bronchodilators – inhaled medication that help open up the airways. These are usually taken as a “puffer” (metered-dose inhaler) or as a mist used with a mask (nebuliser).
  • Drink lots of fluids.
  • Using a cool or warm moist-air humidifier to help thin the mucus blocking in the air passages


Pneumonia treatments depend on the type of pneumonia and the severity of symptoms.

  • Antibiotics cure bacterial pneumonia and make recovery much quicker.
  • Antiviral drugs can be used to treat certain types of viral pneumonia.
  • • Drink plenty of fluids to help loosen secretions and bring up phlegm.

A pneumonia vaccine (shot) is available for protection against the most common cause of bacterial pneumonia (Streptococcus Pneumoniae Germ).


Treatment of tuberculosis (TB) can take six to nine months and sometimes it may take longer to heal. TB can be cured in almost all cases with the aid of antibiotics prescribed by doctor for the full course of treatment.

Lung Cancer:

Below are the treatment options available for Lung Cancer:

  • Surgery: Surgical removal of the tumour is generally performed for limited-stage like stage 1 or sometimes stage 2.
  • Radiation: Radiation therapy uses high-energy X-rays and other types of radiation to kill dividing cancer cells.
  • Chemotherapy: It is the process of administrating drugs to stop the growth of cancer cells by killing them or preventing them from dividing.

Breathing Disorders

Below are the treatment options available to treat breathing problems:

  • An accurate diagnosis
  • Avoid tobacco smoke
  • Specific breathing exercises
  • Regular physical activity

Upper Airway infections and disorders


  • Rest is an important step.
  • Increase intake of oral fluids.
  • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs also help.


A minor Pneumothorax requires only observation by the doctor. In some cases, oxygen (through a mask) may be required. Serious cases are treated by inserting a needle or a chest tube into the chest cavity. Both of these procedures help to relieve the pressure on the lung and allow it to re-expand. Sometimes surgery may be required if the original treatment fails.

Pulmonary Edema:

The treatment of Pulmonary Edema depends on its cause and severity. It is sometimes treated by using diuretics (water pills) along with other medication for heart failure and sometimes treated by oral medicines.